From ancient times, the transport industry in Rome has been a main point of focus, given they lead the way to the invention of road networks. Land, sea and air all provide the main modern travel routes for these areas. This makes this a popular area of employment in Rome (25% of people in jobs working for the public sector).
The private sector is the greatest employer, with a high number of people being double employed (two jobs).
The service sector currently holds 50% of the GDR and revenue of Rome’s economy, this includes jobs such as culture, travel and tourism. Unemployment in 2010 stood at 10.2%, which was higher than the average.
The film industry is also popular, given the city contains the Cincinnati Film Studio, which is known as the HUB of film.
In Ancient Rome, agriculture was the main industry for the Roman economy. The labour force was mainly slave based, given tasks like mining and milling. Crops such as grains and grapes contributed to olive oil and wine. Mining also allowed marble and stone to be obtained, creating the statues and monuments that the city is known for. (1*)
Thank you to the Epic Guide to Roman Inventions and other sources:)
The industries above have lead to the Roman’s as being founders of many essential aspects to our building industry today.
Roads networks were a huge build by the Roman empire (400,000km of roads from Egypt to Britain were completed by the fall of the empire itself). By 200 A.D there were 29 highway networks that travelled in and out of Rome. Each of these roads were 2.5 metres wide allowing mass amounts of carts and carriages to travel along them.
Video from BokMTv.
Queue the cheesy title music- an old documentary I watched. These road systems were very complex. The Via Appia (or Appian Way) was considered to the first road built. In fact Julius Caesar rose to power through being the ‘protector’ behind this road system, showing its significance.
One of the earliest forms of concrete, known as opus caementicium was produced by this ever growing empire. This concrete is made from mixing lime with volcanic rock. The colosseum and the sewers in Rome were both made from this material. The concrete itself is so strong that the structures mentioned as still standing today. (*2)
One of the most fascinating pieces of information that I found was the invention of sewers- at the height of the empire there were 7 main sewer systems running under ancient Rome. These aided in the prevention of diseases.
Podcast with information on these sewers. Video taken from TheGavin21383.
Inside one of the many sewer networks.
1*Gedacht, Daniel C. Economy And Industry In Ancient Rome. New York: PowerKids Press, 2004. Print.
2* Hawes, Alison. What The Romans Did For The World. St. Catharines, Ont.: Crabtree Pub. Co., 2011. Print.