Art Research- Bones and the Body

When designing concept pieces for our world, I was really inspired by several concept pieces I saw online. Many of them incorporated the use of body parts into the environment or were inspired by the human body to develop their structure.


The pieces below were the original inspiration behind my premise of incorporating the human body to the work. You can see the use of bones, fragmented to give the shop of the mountains.




Emmanuel Shiu

Emmanuel Shiu is a concept artist who works on both video game and movies. He has worked on many projects from Star Trek to The Lost Planet 3. When looking into interviews with Emmanuel, he offered the following advice on creating alien environments.

The key to creating any environment is story. Story drives everything. From story, I derive the shapes and designs that best fit the scenario. Aside from getting my inspiration from the story, I also look to everyday things to inspire me. There are times when I’ll look at an ordinary object, turn it upside down and all if a sudden you have a new kind of architecture that’s unique.

I tend to sketch a lot to get the right shapes and silhouettes as well. From there, I usually take it to paint and further explore. One if the trickiest things I’ve found while designing fantastical worlds is the need for the designs to be based in some kind if reality. It has to make sense. If it doesn’t, you run the risk of the viewer not believing it. Knowing that balance is the key. (

From this, I realised that it is highly important that our world itself has an origin story. I will mention this to our team, hopefully we can create something quite dark, as that seems to be the vibe we’re going for.

When looking at his artwork itself, it was all very intense- giving a sense of peril and adventure. His use of colour gives the feeling of unease- many of his more futuristic environments are in dark colours, with sparks of fluorescent light. I really think something like this would benefit in our own work. I especially liked how he created armour on the world- something to explore in future designs perhaps.



Kev Jenkins- Knowwhere as seen in Guardians of the Galaxy.

‘Knowwhere’ is a planet that exists inside the Marvel universe. The planet is the severed head of a terrestrial being (a Celestial) and acts as an end of galaxy port of call for travellers. In the Guardians of the Galaxy, the planet is basically a giant mine, used to obtain the marrow from the bone and the spinal fluid in the neck. Kev Jenkins created some amazing concept art for this planet in the movie.




References,. “Jessada-Art On Deviantart”. N.p., 2016. Web. 28 Feb. 2016.,. N.p., 2016. Web. 28 Feb. 2016.







The White Principle

OK, so we had been kind of looking at different styles of animation but found we love the more minimalist approach to be the best looking. Those with simple neutral backgrounds, but with more vibrant colour schemes looked the best.

Alec shared this short with us- it’s proving one of my favourite so far. (Vimeo, 2014).

Psychologically, white is the most peaceful/neutral colour out there. It represents purity, a blank canvas. In the art world a white background provides the purpose of ideas to be continued, allowing audiences to fill in the extra bits. White also represents the end of a cycle and beginning of a new one- like when our story ends, it could continue on.  (White (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); White Color Psychology and MeaningWhite is the lightest color, 2016). 

Therefore, keeping this as a plain background makes sense, with the lighting giving the feel and mood, depending on the colours it gives off.

We will look into colour schemes etc as we develop the animation more, however, I wanted to note a few things for reference. We thought of things like gradienting a colour scheme along- in Paranorman Mr Prenderghast and Norman both wear red. Norman’s hoodie may stand out a bit more to the audience, but that is because it is clean and vibrant. The older, more trampish quality to Mr Prenderghast is reflected in his dirty clothes, the red a more faded colour.





White (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); White Color Psychology and MeaningWhite is the lightest color, s. (2016). White. [online] Color Psychology. Available at: [Accessed 24 Feb. 2016].

Vimeo, (2014). Wayne The Stegosaurus. [online] Available at: [Accessed 24 Feb. 2016].

Fairytale Meanings

Looking at Hidden meaning in movies and books (explicit meaning) we realised that a lot of old fairy tales had many  more morbid meanings.

The Brothers Grimm (consisting of Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm) composed a book of German fairy tales, in hope of preserving them. The book was published in 1812 named Nursery and Household Tales(, 2016).


  • A pregnant woman notices some tasty-looking Rapunzel lettuce in a sorceress’s garden and gets some massive cravings for it.
  • She makes her husband sneak in to get her some, which she eats, and makes him go back for more. The sorceress catches him and only releases him when he agrees to give her the child when it’s born.
  • The sorceress takes the girl and names her Rapunzel.
  • When she turns twelve, the sorceress locks her in a tower without doors or stairs, having to climb Rapunzel’s long, golden hair each time she wants to get in.
  • This goes on for a few years until a king’s son passes the tower and hears her beautiful singing. You know where this is headed.
  • He spies on the tower until he sees the sorceress ascend the hair-ladder. He thinks, hey, that looks promising, and then gives it a go.
  • At first, Rapunzel’s scared because she’s never seen a man before, but he talks her down and she agrees to marry him. They arrange for him to bring materials to make a ladder so they can escape together.
  • One day Rapunzel stupidly blurts to the sorceress that she’s so much heavier than the prince.
  • Uh oh. The sorceress is Not Happy. So she shears Rapunzel’s hair and takes her to a desert. When the prince comes calling, the sorceress uses the braids to let him up, then tells him that they’ll never see each other again.
  • The prince jumps out the tower and is blinded on the thorns.
  • Rapunzel, meanwhile, has born twins, so those tower visits must not have been all that innocent. The prince wanders blindly until he finds her, and her tears heal his eyes.
  • You can guess what happens next: they go back to his kingdom and live happily ever after.


  • A girl’s mother dies and the father (who’s rich) remarries a woman with two daughters who are pretty but mean. They boss around the girl and make her sleep by the ashes, which is how she winds up with the nickname Cinderella.
  • She plants a twig from a hazel bush on her mother’s grave and waters it with her tears while praying and stuff.
  • Meanwhile, there’s going to be a three-night festival so the king’s son can find a bride (think of it as an abridged version of The Bachelor).
  • The sisters boss around Cinderella to help them primp and prepare, and the stepmother gives her permission to tag along…if she can pick out a bunch of lentils from the ashes.
  • Which she does, with the help of some birds. But even then the stepmother forbids her from going because she has nothing to wear.
  • Cinderella starts crying, so the stepmother relents and says she can go if she can separate even more lentils from the ashes. Again, birds to the rescue.
  • Despite Cinderella’s toiling, her stepmother leaves her at home anyway, because she’s, well, a big fat jerk.
  • But Cinderella asks for help from the hazel tree at her mother’s grave, and it gives her a gold and silver dress with silk slippers, and it’s off to the festival with her.
  • She looks so awesome that nobody recognizes her. And the prince? Well, he only has eyes for her, and spends the whole night dancing with Cinderella. That is, until she splits.
  • The prince doesn’t succeed in following her when she leaves, though they suspect it’s in the direction of her father’s house.
  • She goes back to dance the second night, and again is traced to the vicinity of her family’s house. Her father chops down the pear tree where they think she went, but no one’s there, just Cinderella lying in the ashes as usual.
  • The third night’s the same, except the prince has coated the stairs with pitch. She loses a gold shoe on her way, which the prince takes to her family’s house for eligible maidens to try on.
  • The shoe’s too small for the stepsisters, who all, at their mother’s urging, cut off a toe or heel. This actually fools the prince, and he takes each one on his horse to go to the palace until the birds warn him to look for the blood in their shoes (gross).
  • Finally, after the stepmother puts up a lot of resistance, Cinderella gets to try on the shoe, and duh, it fits.
  • So the prince sweeps her off her feet and whisks her away from a life of picking lentils out of the ashes.
  • The sisters come to the wedding, but their eyes are pecked out by Cinderella’s helper birds—as if having mutilated feet wasn’t enough of a punishment.

Stories and information from (Shmoop, 2016).

Hans Christian Anderson had been writing fairy tales from when he was a child, his first publish ones in the book Fairy Tales Told for Children. The stories have been adapted over the years and made more suitable for children. However, the old ones still are pretty messed up.

Emperor’s New Clothes

  • This emperor is really vain: all he cares about is having beautiful new clothes.
  • Two strangers arrive and tell the emperor that they can weave a beautiful cloth that is actually invisible to anyone who is stupid or unfit for their position. The emperor thinks that having some of this cloth sounds like a great idea, since it’ll help him weed out the idiots.
  • The emperor sends some of his councilors to check on their progress, and they go along with the sham because they don’t want to admit that they’re either stupid or not supposed to be in their offices. Even the emperor pretends to be able to see the cloth.
  • The swindlers dress the emperor in his new set of clothing, and he goes out in a procession to show off to the whole town… naked as the day he was born. No one is willing to admit that they don’t see the cloth, until one child shouts that the emperor doesn’t have anything on!
  • Now that the cat’s out of the bag, everyone begins to shout that the emperor has nothing on. But he keeps going until the procession is over. What else could he do, admit his mistake? Nuh-uh. He’s the emperor, not the court jester or the town drunk.

The Little Mermaid

  • Ready to see what this story looked like before Disney got their hands on it? Read on, brave Shmoopers!
  • So, mer-people live at the bottom of the sea. The mer-king has six daughters, and their grandma helps raise them. When they turn fifteen, they can journey to the water’s top to check out the strange land-people (what kinda freak lives on land, anyway?).
  • The youngest daughter is quiet and beautiful, and she waits eagerly for her turn to go up top. When she does, she sees a handsome human prince on a ship, celebrating his birthday.
  • A storm destroys the ship, but the little mermaid saves the prince and gets him to land. She hides to make sure people find him. A group of girls discover him, so the mermaid goes home.
  • She becomes even more quiet and thoughtful after this, till one of her sisters helps her find the kingdom where he came from, so she can watch him as he lives in the palace (stalker much?).
  • One day, during a friendly chitchat with her grandma, she asks what happens to humans that ends their lives besides drowning. Grandma answers that humans have a short lifespan, whereas mer-people live for 300 years. Plus, when humans die, their immortal souls rise up into the sky to a super coolio other world. Mer-people just become sea foam after dying. Wamp wamp.
  • The little mermaid is not too thrilled about this sea foam business. According to her grandma, a mer-person can only acquire an immortal soul if a man falls in love with her and marries her. This marriage somehow gives the mer-woman a part of the human’s soul, even though he keeps some of the soul for himself.
  • Of course, the little mermaid has to try to make a man fall in love with her now, but she doesn’t think she can do it on her own. So the little mermaid sneaks away from a swank undersea party to go find the sea witch and ask her for help. The entrance to her home is filled with icky grasping polyps, and she hangs out with eels, so those parts made it into the movie.
  • The sea witch says she will give the little mermaid legs and grace, but every step she takes will feel like she’s walking on knives. If the prince marries someone else, the mermaid will die the next day. And, as if that’s not scary enough, the witch will also cut out her tongue as payment. Undeterred, the mermaid agrees to the whole enchilada.
  • She swims to shore, takes the sea witch’s potion, and passes out from the pain. The prince finds her, now in a human body, and says she reminds him of the girl who saved him (who was just a random chick from a temple who happened to be there when he woke up). But the mermaid can’t tell him that she was actually the one who’d saved him. Life’s not easy when you’ve got no tongue.
  • Still, the little mermaid becomes a favorite companion of the prince’s, meaning she gets to tag along with him everywhere like a puppy dog. Then he’s supposed to marry the princess of a nearby kingdom. Turns out she’s the same chick who “rescued” him while she was at the temple for her education.
  • The mermaid witnesses all of this, and she’s starting to get anxious about her impending death. Then her sisters swim up to her. The sisters have cut off all their hair to trade with the sea witch for a special a knife. If the mermaid kills the prince with this knife, his blood will turn her legs back into a tail. One man’s death is another (wo)man’s… tail?
  • But she looks at the sleeping prince and bride, and decides she can’t do it. She throws the knife into the sea. She expects to turn into sea foam, but instead she becomes a spirit of the air. The other daughters of the air explain that because of her kindness—i.e., not murdering the prince and his bride in cold blood, awww!—she has become one of them instead of turning into sea foam.
  • As a spirit of the air, she’ll have a shot at gaining an immortal soul so that she can go to heaven… in 300 years! But every time she visits the house of a good child, that time will be lessened. Isn’t that nice?

The Little Match Girl– not a well known story but I thought it was rather heart felt.

  • On New Year’s Eve, a little girl wanders the streets barefoot, trying to sell matches. Both her shoes got lost so she’s freezing in the snow. She doesn’t want to go home without selling anything, because she’s afraid that her father might beat her.
  • She huddles up in an alley and lights a match to warm her hands. She has a vision of a warm stove in front of her.
  • She lights a second match, and can see through the wall of the house she’s next to. On the table are all kinds of delicious foods.
  • She lights a third match, and envisions that she’s sitting under a Christmas tree. Right then, she sees a shooting star, which her grandmother (who’s dead) told her means that someone is dying.
  • She strikes another match, and sees a vision of her grandmother. She keeps lighting matches in order to keep grandma close, and then her grandmother takes her and flies up to heaven.
  • The girl’s body is found the next morning. But if you’ve gotta die, dreaming of delicious goodies before joining your grandmother up in heaven isn’t such a bad way to go.

Stories and information from (Shmoop, 2016).

Both Anderson and the Grimm’s stories have quite a lot of themes running through them:

  • Age
  • Religion
  • Marriage
  • Coming of age/maturity
  • Prosperity
  • Appearance
  • Social Class
  • Love
  • Memories of life passed/reminiscent
  • Sins and regrets- many of which give a justice to pay for said sin

We’ll have an exploration of these themes and possible ideas when we meet next.

When looking into these works of fiction, I wanted to see if there were any modern day inspired stories, similar to these. In the case of the Harry Potter world by J.K. Rowling, the Deathly Hallow story sets a basis for the whole world to revolve around. The animation scene from the final movie shows the chilling story, involving death and three brothers. Much like the stories above, two of the brothers face horrible deaths while the other meets death like a friend. Maybe a more mature them could be explored in our own work?

The Three Brothers- a Fairytale from the Harry Potter series.

References, (2016). [online] Available at: [Accessed 24 Feb. 2016].

Shmoop, (2016). Shmoop: Homework Help, Teacher Resources, Test Prep. [online] Available at: [Accessed 24 Feb. 2016].


A Hidden Meaning

At our meeting today Lorna introduced us to this little short called ‘The Present.‘ The premise of the animation is that of a child who receives a puppy from his Mum. The dog itself has a lame leg, and so the boy ignores it. By the end of the short, the boy warms to the animal, and it is revealed that he too has a lame limb. We really liked the idea of a hidden message in our work- something that would start normal, even comical, but end on a lower, more serious tone.

2016-02-24.pngBoth with lame limbs. (Vimeo, 2016).


The Present was based on the above comic by Fabio Coala. (, 2016).

On a similar theme of animations- Hollie shared this lovely short raising awareness for the Orca whales. The short starts with a calming background- the black and white colours, soft lighting and gentle movements give a lovely peaceful setting. A the short draws to an end, it takes a sharp turn. The mother whale is captured in a fishing net, the baby now on its own.

The Last Memory sets a sadder tone. (Vimeo, 2014).

Cassie had brought in a few books to have a look at too- suicide bunnies was an amazing one. She pointed out that in the book itself, the bunnies aren’t always apparent. Scenes like the toast picture where the only thing on show are the rabbit’s ears.

bunyThe rabbit isn’t always seen. (Riley, n.d.).

We started to talk about what we could imply in our own video. When having a little look on some of the second year blogs, I found this video known as ‘Butter- Fingers‘ by J-Scott. The animation demonstrates various things that happen that the phrase is said with- like dropping knives on the floor, dropping a doughnut so the icing smears on the floor.

2016-02-24 (5)

2016-02-24 (4)

Stills from Butter Fingers. (Vimeo, 2014).

We realised there were a lot of different things that could be used for our hidden meaning; idioms/ sayings or a more moral issue.


According to the Oxford dictionary, Idioms are a group of words in a ​fixedorder that have a ​particularmeaning that is different from the ​meanings of each word on ​its own:To “have ​bitten off more than you can ​chew” is an idiom that ​means you have ​tried to do something which is too ​difficult for you. (Hornby, Cowie and Lewis, 1974).


Like butter-fingers, we use these on a daily basis, without even realising.


This animation by Ringling College of Art and Design shows a variety of these idioms or sayings in the one story. In this case, however, comedy seems to be the main aspect.(YouTube, 2016).

Serious Note/Progression 

The other type of art is the use of a more moral issue (much like that used in Present). In the performance art piece “Bad Things Could Happen” the plot shows how every day tasks can result in a more morbid ending.

The teeth makes my hands tingle a little-ew. (YouTube, 2016).

In fact, the whole ‘Don’t Hug Me I’m Scared’ franchise have a very morbid meaning to child like settings.

Teddy Has An Operation is one of my favourite strange videos- It shows the fixing of a teddy for a new child to love. Notice how both this video and the above are on white backdrops? A similar look that we want to follow.  (YouTube, 2016).

And of course a mention to the famous ‘Don’t Hug Me I’m Scared’ is necessary. (YouTube, 2016).

Cassie also showed me this little animation for the Iron Bru brand. It acts in a more comically morbid way. The plot begins happy, the ‘Farmer’ leading  a herd of very Disney animals to their death at a butcher shop. At the time ASA received 204 complaints, many stating the ad would be scary for children.

Iron Bru Advertisement. (YouTube, 2016).



Vimeo, (2016). The Present. [online] Available at: [Accessed 24 Feb. 2016]., (2016). Perfection. You are not like the others…  by Fábio Coala (via Comic Strips Koala). [online] Available at: [Accessed 24 Feb. 2016].

Riley, A. (n.d.). The book of bunny suicides.

Vimeo, (2014). Butter Fingers. [online] Available at: [Accessed 24 Feb. 2016].

Hornby, A., Cowie, A. and Lewis, J. (1974). Oxford advanced learner’s dictionary of current English. London: Oxford University Press.

Vimeo, (2014). THE LAST MEMORY (short film). [online] Available at: [Accessed 24 Feb. 2016].

YouTube, (2016). Confessions of an Idiom Animated comedy. [online] Available at: [Accessed 24 Feb. 2016]YouTube, (2016). Bad Things That Could Happen. [online] Available at: [Accessed 24 Feb. 2016].

YouTube, (2016). IRN BRU evil butcher.. [online] Available at: [Accessed 24 Feb. 2016].

Research- The Human Body making Energy

In the human body there are two parts to the nervous system; the Central Nervous System (CNS) and the Peripheral Nervous System (PNS). The central nervous system is used for the primary command center (made up of the brain and spinal cord) and the peripheral nervous system is made of the nerves that connect the CNS to the rest of the body. The system itself works to collect information and dispatch it throughout the body itself. The information is then process and dispatched with instructions to the other body parts and systems. (, 2016). In our world, the humans are the energy, moving up and down the nerves of the world to transport food, ideas and most of all, to feed the main element or God (the headlight).  

In our world, the mutated energy people act as the neurons found in the nervous system. These neurons (nerve cells) communicate through transmitting electrochemical signals. The structure of the neuron allows it to have small finger like projections, known as dendrites, extend from the cell itself and pick up electochemical signals from the surrounding environment, other neurons and sensory receptor cells. The body of the cell is insulated in axons made from a fat that help speed up the travelling of the signals.

motor neuron

The motor neuron. Its dendrite structures inspired some of my original designs. (, 2016).

In the human body there are three types of neurons:

Afferent neurons- transmit the sensory signals to the central nervous system from the receptors in the body. These are like the people working together to complete tasks of everyday life. The conscious thoughts captured in their electric movements.

Efferent neurons- these neurons transmit the signals from the CNS to the effectors in the body (effectors include muscles and glands). The ‘effectors’ in our own project are the hand like appendages that are the two spine parts. They are the energy stores and dip into the center of the main body of the planet, feeding the light.

Interneurons- these are the complex networks in the CNS that take the information from the afferent neurons and send the signals to the function of the body through the efferent neurons. (Jones and Jones, 1995).

afferent efferent

The afferent and efferent neuron. (, 2016).

In our world, the main body of the world itself is the brain or control center of these items. The brain itself is a soft wrinkled organ which is in the center of the skull. The armor of our world acts as the cranium, protecting the control center below it. There are around 100 billion neurons that form the main control center of the body. The brain processes and co-ordinate the response together. In the brain, the respiration, heart rate, blood pressure and digestion are all controlled. (System, 2016).

A video we were shown in biomed for the brain function. (YouTube, 2016).



References, (2016). Nervous System Anatomy, Diagram & Function. [online] Available at: [Accessed 23 Feb. 2016].

Jones, M. and Jones, G. (1995). Biology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press., (2016). [online] Available at: [Accessed 23 Feb. 2016].

System, N. (2016). Nervous System. [online] InnerBody. Available at: [Accessed 23 Feb. 2016].

YouTube, (2016). How the human brain works. [online] Available at: [Accessed 23 Feb. 2016].

Energy as a Power Source.

We had ran with the idea of using energy as our power source for the world. In the design we decided to go for there is a giant Vespa like headlight in the middle of the world. We realised that the world around it could power this headlight, projecting the light outward.

The Vespa headlight. (, 2016).

So what could power such a headlight? We mentioned previously that the human population could be dead energy- their bodies using the electrical impulses that power them. I wanted to calculate the power of the human population of Rome, so had to do a little bit of maths to figure this out.

Calculating the energy output.

So the population in Rome is 2,864,348. The average person makes 8 million Joules of energy per day, so in Rome 2.29148e13 joules of energy is produced by the human population per day.

In an average city of size 1.258 million, around 50e9 Joules of energy are used in a day. So therefore in Rome, 113.85e9 Joules of energy is used.

So in conclusion,

1.1385e11 Joules are needed per day and the city makes 2.29148e13 per day. So, the city itself makes enough to live on. (, 2016).

References, (2016). [online] Available at:$(KGrHqJ,!qQFI1keYh0OBSQUehpwuw~~60_12.JPG?set_id=880000500F [Accessed 23 Feb. 2016]., (2016). How much energy does an industrialized city of 1 million people consume? – Quora. [online] Available at: [Accessed 23 Feb. 2016].

Research- Texture Experiments

When we did the photography challenge for Creative Elements I ended up taking some close ups of the pillars outside the university. They were chipped and rusted, with splatters of paint over them like someone had been celebrating a bit too hard. Every time we mentioned the armor aspect in this world I kept thinking it would be interesting to have certain famous Roman artworks merged to the world itself. They would be worn and faded, as if anything and everything was used in the world’s production.

IMG_5062Inspiration from our photography task.

In our original research we found that ancient Roman artwork essentially involved painting on walls (hence why many of the pieces do not exist today). These paintings often told the story of fallen war heroes and a lot of myths (many of which were borrowed from the Greeks).

Examples of wall paintings in Rome.

Ryan also found a whole tonne of Roman graffiti that existed (most of which was quite pornographic). In Rome graffiti was legal and considered a must- people would even inscribe messages into the walls of friends homes, thanking them for their hospitality. In Pompeii there is over 11,000 examples of graffiti, from carvings into walls to painting them.

After looking at both the graffiti and mural painting artwork, we decide this would look pretty good as a basis for our own texture. Ryan and I experimented with added textures to some of Italy’s most renown artworks. Ok so I used the painting from the Sistine Chapel (inside the Vatican) but it was just for an experiment ok?

texture- touching God example.jpg

My rendition. I played with the opacity and then added further colour fading with multiple ‘grunge’ brush sets.

 Both of the above are Ryan’s experiments.

Gianni showed us these fountains that are typical in Rome, or Roma as Gianni referred to it as. In 98 AD the Roman Consul was made the commander of the city’s water supply and so needed to make a safe way to supply water to the public. Today, over 2,500 of these public nasoni remain. (, 2016)

I really liked the look of these fountains- they were worn and vandalized, but still usable. This is like the premise for our own world- the texture itself is completely messed but the world inside is live able.


Khan Academy, (2016). Khan Academy. [online] Available at: [Accessed 22 Feb. 2016]., (2016). The Nasoni: Rome’s Ubiquitous Public Fountains | Italy. [online] Available at: [Accessed 23 Feb. 2016].


The Spine

So, after looking at the designs we had already, Ryan and Eoin liked my idea of incorporating the spine into the world itself. One of my designs incorporated the base of the spine into the middle of the world, with the front and back parts of the spine as the wing like vertices around the base. When designing the original sketch I had looked at the flag of Rome, trying to replicate the shape of the bird crest.

roman flag

The flag of Rome which my design actually is similar to. (Alternative History, 2016).

original idea

My original design.

I wanted to do a bit of research into the bones that I had incorporated myself (the ex biomedical science beginning to come through again).

The Sacrum and Coccyx

The base plate that I based my concept on is made up of the sacrum and coccyx. The sacrum is used for a variety of functions; locking the pelvis together, support of the spinal column, protection of the spinal nerves at the base  and separation for child birth in the female body. (InnerBody, 2016). This gives quite a good metaphor to our world- Rome is the birth of civilization or reviewed as that.

A 360 degree view of the Sacrum. (Getty Images, 2016).



A labelled diagram of the Sarcrum and Coccyx. (, 2016).

I really like the appearance of the sacral foramina in the bone- these indents look like passages that could be used for transport or something. We decided to play further with this design itself, looking at the use of Roman armor in our designs.

Roman Armour

Roman armor was made from iron and attached to the body with leather straps. Different legions of the army wore different types of body protection. The heavy infantry (principes), front- line soldiers (hastati) and the veterans (trairii) wore a 20cm breastplate (a pectorale) and a single greave. Soldiers with a bit more cash would also wear chain mail shirts, but these were heavy to wear. Both the principes and hastati soldiers wore a bronze helmet adorned with a ring of purple or black feathers. This helmet was typically 45cm high and its function was to make the soldier appear a lot taller.

Senior officers would have dressed in a more Grecian style, with a muscled cuirass, helmet and greaves. He would also have worn a leather tunic with leather strips hanging from the shoulders and waist. To display his rank, the officer would have worn a sash knotted at the front of his uniform with the loose ends tucked into the sides.

There were three main types of body armor used by the Roman empire. The Lorica Hamata was a chain mail that was used at the beginning of the empires rise, but was too heavy to properly maneuver in. The Lorica Segmentata was a breast plate made up of layers of iron formed together. It was only in circulation for a brief time due to budgeting constraints. Finally, the last type, was the Loricae Squamatae. This translates as literally translated as ‘armor of feathers’ and was made of pieces of iron, steel or leather into a plate that resembled feathers. (, 2016).

When planning the armor itself I tried experimenting with different elements of Rome in the main body. However, the more characteristic architectural features would be used in the spine parts of the world.


Roman armor examples.

The designs below were based on the various elements of the city itself.

This one I experimented with the fashion knowledge that Rebecca had provided for us, including that of the Toga. I draped the fabric over the top of the armor itself as if a hidden shroud, like the invisibility cloak from Harry Potter.



The robe would act as some sort of force field. (GIPHY, 2016).

This next design, I looked at playing around with the armor look itself. I created a layered look like that in the Lorica Segmentata (above) but played with what the textures on the metal could look like. I pictured it rusted- maybe a mosh of different paintings and road signs, as if pulled together from anything.

Eoin had mentioned that in Rome, animals were used to indicate wealth and rank among gladiators. Snake and Lizard skins were used as the highest indication, and in this piece I wanted to try and create the shape of a snake/ lizard head hybrid. In Roman mythology, Lizards represent resurrection, which is the premise of our world. Rome rising from the ashes of the rest of the world. (, 2016).

This was my final idea- the use of the Roman nature aspects apparent again. The daffodil was brought to Britain by the Romans and was given as a medicine. In Rome, it symbolised ‘Rebirth’ and was believed to have healing properties. This is like our planet itself, healing for the mistakes made on the polluted world below.

We all agreed the daffodil idea had the best aesthetics and incorporated a few more of the stereotypical Roman elements.

We next split the world into its three components- the two spines and main bulk. Eoin took the regal side to the world, Ryan the grim and I took the bulk. We’re going to break off, come up with some finalised ideas to incorporate it together. Tune in next time to see our progress…



InnerBody, (2016). Sacrum. [online] Available at: [Accessed 19 Feb. 2016].

Getty Images, (2016). A full anti-clockwise rotation of the sacrum. Areas visible include…. [online] Available at: [Accessed 19 Feb. 2016]., (2016). Exercise 9 Flashcards | Easy Notecards. [online] Available at: [Accessed 19 Feb. 2016].

Alternative History, (2016). Roman empire flag.jpg. [online] Available at: [Accessed 19 Feb. 2016]., (2016). Legionary Weapons and Equipment. [online] Available at: [Accessed 22 Feb. 2016]., (2016). [online] Available at: [Accessed 22 Feb. 2016]., (2016). SNC294ZP – Chainmail Lorica Hamata – Butted Mild Steel – $159.95. [online] Available at: [Accessed 22 Feb. 2016]., (2016). [online] Available at: [Accessed 22 Feb. 2016].

GIPHY, (2016). Harry Potter GIF – Find & Share on GIPHY. [online] Available at: [Accessed 22 Feb. 2016]., (2016). The Henna Page Journal. [online] Available at: [Accessed 22 Feb. 2016].