Propaganda- Research

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An idea that I thought of for our artefact was that of some sort of propaganda campaign- maybe through the way of posters or flyers? Star Wars was heavily inspired by a lot of significant historical events- events like World War 2 and the Cold War, as I investigated before.

During the World War Jews were persecuted and claimed by the Nazi’s as unclean. Hitler believed they would taint the human race and often referred to their filth in Mein Kampf, the book the Nazi’s took as their way of order and life.

“The Jewish youth lies in wait for hours on end…….spying on the unsuspicious German girl he plans to seduce……….He wants to contaminate her blood and remove her from the bosom of her own people. The Jew hates the white race and wants to lower its cultural level so that the Jews might dominate.”“Was there any form of filth or crime…without at least one Jew involved in it. If you cut even cautiously into such a sore, you find like a maggot in a rotting body, often dazzled by the sudden light – a Jew.” (Hitler and Murphy).

From 1933, Jewish people were referred to as the “Untermenschen” (sub-humans). They were forced to wear yellow stars of David to make them stand out  and their homes were painted with the words “Juden.” (German for Jewish). Jewish people were also given specific benches and not allowed on public transport. In schools, children were taught anti-semitic ideas and children were encouraged to bully Jewish children, with no risk of punishment. In 1935 the Nuremberg laws declared all Jewish people living in Germany would no longer be allowed citizenship. They also banned marriage between Jews and Non-Jews. A huge break in the punishment in Jewish people came through the Krystalnacht (Night of the Broken Glass) in which 10,000 Jewish shops were destroyed and 91 people were killed. The Jewish people were then forced to clean the aftermath of the attacks by both the SS and SA. (Longerich)

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Jewish Star. (Upload.wikimedia.org)

Thinking of how these people were tortured and how they were jilted- would it be interesting to look at a way of displaying the Rebels to the universe? How would people in the Star Wars universe be warned to the fraternising with the Rebel Alliance- would there be posters, a mark certain people had to wear or that could be used on buildings.

A German World War II propaganda poster depicting a ‘Jewish Commissar’ towering over a mass grave at Vinnytsia in the Ukraine, circa 1943. The victims had been killed by the Soviet secret police during the Stalinist purges, and were uncovered during the German occupation of the Ukraine in 1943. The massacre was then used by the Germans to discredit the Soviet Union.

I also wanted to look into anti- Jew posters that were used by the Nazis- and anti American posters. These posters would have shown the principles that went against the Nazi’s ideals.

Anti-Semitic posters used by the Nazis.

It’s clear to see were Lucas took inspiration for even the colouring for the uniforms in the Imperial troops. I found this blog that had a great deal of both anti-semitic posters and other posters used by the Nazi’s aimed at women, children and recruitment.

I also had a look at some of the American and British posters they used.

These posters by the British army advised against the sharing of information- informants could be anywhere. The use of red, white and black is amazingly striking, and motif associated with the Nazi party even now.

American troops were heavily influenced towards the Japanese forces due to the Pearl Harbour attacks. Again the red, white and black all appear again. Yellow is also used in the Japanese posters.

We could also consider recruitment like posters for both sides, the Rebels and the Imperial side. Some of my favourite posters are those that are very minimalistic, like the cartoon graphics in the British ones above. They look clean and are very appealing to the eye.

I prefer the simpler, cleaner looking posters. Less looks more, or I think so anyway.

References

Hitler, Adolf, and James Vincent Murphy. Mein Kampf. London: Hurst and Blackett, 1981. Print.

Longerich, Peter. Holocaust. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010. Print.

Upload.wikimedia.org,. N.p., 2016. Web. 3 Feb. 2016.

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