So we went further into our research, each of the groups took certain aspects for pieces of the city. They were as follow;
- History- Military and Science
- Art and Fashion
We decided to take the topic of History as it was one we had looked into quite in depth.
We then divided it further between the three of us to get an even better insight into the History of Rome. Eoin took inventions, Ryan took Military history and I took the Science aspects.
To get us started I wanted to look at a basic timeline of Rome, to get an idea of when certain events happened.
Although Ryan was focusing on the main historical elements to this city, I wanted to get a grasp on the key historical events.
A Brief History
Roman Empire began in 753 BC with the brothers Romulus and Remulus. Legends say they were abandoned by their mother into the River Tiber and were raised by a wolf. A shepherd found them and they were raised by him. As they reached adulthood they decided to found a city but disagreed on a location. Romulus killed Remus and the city was therefore named after him.
In 509 BCE the Republic was formed- a government that changed from having a King as a ruler that had been in place. This government formed when the Roman overthrew the Etruscan conquerors whom had been in charged of the city for years. It allowed a democracy in which people selected a leader to rule for them- this person differentiated by wearing a Toga. Social classes differentiated through this new social structure and certain people had different privileges.
In 433 BCE there was a great struggle between the Patricians (privileged class) and Plebeians (commoners) with legal, social and civil rights. The Decemviri (ten men) met to write a code of law to suit both parties. This became known as the Twelve Law.
In 218 BCE Hannibal invaded Italy. Hannibal was a Carthaginiain commander who is considered one of the most talented in history itself. After the death of his father, Hannibal planned to overthrow Rome. He won his first battle against Scipio’s forces near the Ticinus River.l
In 98 BCE the city of Rome expelled all non Romans from the city (except slaves).
In 50 BCE, the first gold coin known as Aureus was introduced to Rome. It has a value of 25 silver denarii and was used from the 1st to 4th Century AD.
The Aureus coin. (YouTube, 2016).
In 45 BCE Gaius Julius Caesar became the first dictator of Rome. He was the first Roman General to build a bridge across the Rhine, commencing the invasion of Britain. He overthrew the existing Roman government and became the Dictator of Rome.
In 44 BCE was assassinated by his own senators, led by Gaius Cassius Longinus and Marcus Junius Brutus. He was stabbed near the Theater of Pompey.
Death of Julius Caesar, ca. 1825-29, an oil on canvas by Vincenzo Camuccin. (Thesundaytimes.co.uk, 2016).
In 27 BCE the Roman Empire began changing the society drastically. Gaius Octavian Thurinus became the first Emperor of Rome, naming himself Augustus Caesar. He was dubbed a ‘dictator’ though, new considered an Emperor. The Roman Empire grew in wealth and stability throughout the first two centuries (known as the Pax Romana or Roman Peace).
I watched a series on Rome with my Dad a few years ago and had a bit of a look to re-find it. It featured the Roman Empire especially.
Above are a few of the episodes I watched.
In 12 BCE the Pontifew Maximus (idea of a High Priest) was ended. The new Emperor was given all religious responsibilities for the Roman state.
S-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com, (2016). [online] Available at: https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/originals/ba/84/06/ba8406b875891caa38c61af88a072c6b.jpg [Accessed 10 Feb. 2016].
Adhikari, S. (2014). Top 10 important events in Ancient Rome history. [online] AncientHistoryLists. Available at: http://www.ancienthistorylists.com/rome-history/top-10-important-events-ancient-rome-history/ [Accessed 10 Feb. 2016].
YouTube, (2016). The Roman Empire Diocletian, 284 – 305 Aureus Gold Coin. [online] Available at: https://youtu.be/Ws9v0JOTMew [Accessed 10 Feb. 2016].
Ehistory.osu.edu, (2016). Gaius Julius Caesar | eHISTORY. [online] Available at: https://ehistory.osu.edu/biographies/gaius-julius-caesar [Accessed 10 Feb. 2016].
Thesundaytimes.co.uk, (2016). [online] Available at: http://www.thesundaytimes.co.uk/sto/multimedia/dynamic/00351/STL23STAB_351228k.jpg [Accessed 10 Feb. 2016].
YouTube, (2016). The Roman Empire – Episode 1: The Rise of the Roman Empire (History Documentary). [online] Available at: https://youtu.be/cZx7Rr3iVvc [Accessed 10 Feb. 2016].
YouTube, (2016). The Roman Empire – Episode 2: Legions of Conquest (History Documentary). [online] Available at: https://youtu.be/h_kqBooApZE [Accessed 10 Feb. 2016].