So we wanted to look at what we had learnt from Yuan’s lecture last week and apply it to the movie we were given.
Star Wars: A New Hope in 5 Minutes. (YouTube, 2016).
Yuan talked a lot about the Explicit and Implicit meaning in the movie and so wanted to have a look at what ours could be.
The Explicit meaning in A New Hope is very obvious- the story of the Chosen Boy. Luke Skywalkers life is the main central plot line in this story, with the others entwining into it. The explicit story shows that any one can become a hero if they put their minds to it. I mapped the plot as applied to Vogler’s principles, shown below.
- The Ordinary World– the hero is seen in his/her everyday life- Luke Skywalker is acting as a harvester, working for his Aunt Beru and Uncle Owen.
- The Call to Adventure– the initiating incident of the story- Obi Wan offers to train Luke in the ways of the force.
- Refusal of the Call– the hero experiences some hesitation to answer the call- Luke first refuses Obi Wans’ offer as he needs to stay and help his Aunt Beru and Uncle Owen.
- Meeting with the Mentor– the hero gains the supplies, knowledge, and confidence needed to commence the adventure- Luke receives his father’s lightsaber and is taught the ways of the force by Obi Wan.
- Crossing the First Threshold– the hero commits wholeheartedly to the adventure- after the death of his Aunt and Uncle, Luke decided to become Obi Wan’s apprentice.
- Tests, Allies and Enemies– the hero explores the special world, faces trial, and makes friends and enemies- meeting of Hans Solo and Chewbacca, Luke gains allies and makes a new enemy in Jabba the Hut (though he may not realise this yet).
- Approach to the Innermost Cave– the hero nears the center of the story and the special world-Luke and his company undergo a series of tasks and adventures (including rescuing Princess Leia) before plotting to destory the Death Star.
- The Ordeal– the hero faces the greatest challenge yet and experiences death and rebirth- Luke faces the risks of defeating the Death Star as he rides alone, and looses R2-D2 in the process.
- Reward– the hero experiences the consequences of surviving death- during the rescue mission Obi Wan Kenobi gives his life- Luke’s mentor making a sacrifice. The first reward comes in the escape of the Death Star.
- The Road Back– the hero returns to the ordinary world or continues to an ultimate destination- The Death Star has the ability to destroy the Rebel base on Yarvin 4, it must be destroyed.
- The Resurrection– the hero experiences a final moment of death and rebirth so they are pure when they reenter the ordinary world- Luke sacrifices his dependence on machines through the destruction of R2-D2 to destroy the Death Star and is in total command of the Force.
- Return with the Elixir– the hero returns with something to improve the ordinary world- the group are rewarded with medals for their actions. (Vogler and Montez, 2007).
We noticed a lot of other characteristics of Voglers work carried on in this movie, including the archetypes of characters. We discussed which each of these characters represented and compiled a little explanation.
After exploring this Explicit meaning, it was time to search for the Implicit meaning. Through previous research on the movie we noted the huge amount of influence to political uprisings and war (the Nazi Party, the Cold War and politicians like Richard Nixon were among a few that rose to our attention) and we realised that the underlying meaning rests with this.
Their are two sides to every battle- two sides to every war. George Lucas is trying to show us the continuation of it in society today, outside the walls of fiction. It leaves many innocents injured, in the case of the Nazis, the Jews were the main sufferers. In the movie the Jawas were the same, slaughtered as the Stormtroopers looked for C-3PO and R2-D2.
Dead Jawas as seen in the movie. Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope (1977).
YouTube, (2016). 5 Minute Features: Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope. [online] Available at: https://youtu.be/M0m0dLCbwJM [Accessed 16 Feb. 2016].
Vogler, C. and Montez, M. (2007). The writer’s journey. Studio City, CA: Michael Wiese Productions.
Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope (1977) Directed by George Lucas [Film]. USA: Lucasfilm LTD