The Final Schematic

So here is our final schematic for Star Wars! I included an overall view that we used in our presentation (the video). And the full final schematic is available on Prezi for you to have a look at!

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Final Trooper Poster

So, our next poster was the final Stormtrooper recruitment poster. We decided to do one based on the old pointing technique used in both the ‘Uncle Sam’ and ‘Lord Kitchener’ posters.It is used to give a personal viewpoint to the viewer- including them entirely.

“They evoke patriotism and guilt in those yet to enlist without straying as far as emotional blackmail,” says the National Army Museum’s David Bownes, co-author of Posters of the First World War.  (BBC News, 2016).

The posters that inspired the posing.

Jakub also consulted us on the posing of the Stormtroopers and their overall arrangement. We agreed that the three troops should follow the eye line someway, deciding on a path like following. The two troopers push the eye towards the middle trooper and the background Imperial logo.

Robert took over the job of creating the mast heading for the poster but had difficulties figuring it out,due to the dark red and black colours we used in the background and in the troopers themselves. He experimented with framing the graphic in different colours- including the muted yellow below.

Robert’s initial edits.

Stormtrooper Poster 3.jpg

Jakub and I took over and worked on creating the gradient look in the background with the black square in the foreground. We wanted to keep some of our posters linked with the same colour scheme and background layout so used the same techniques, including the gradient, in our Leia poster.

troopers final.png

We then added Robert’s original typography to complete the image.

References

Wikipedia, (2016). Uncle Sam. [online] Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uncle_Sam#/media/File:Unclesamwantyou.jpg [Accessed 19 Feb. 2016].

BBC News, (2016). Kitchener: The most famous pointing finger – BBC News. [online] Available at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-28642846 [Accessed 19 Feb. 2016].

The Final Pinup Poster

So, we all collaborated on this Pinup poster. I had a go at painting it myself. I tried to replicate the style of Robert Skemp and Billy Devorss, giving a more soft look to the body. I wasn’t really happy with the body itself with the painting so I asked Jakub to have a look at it.

sexy trooperMy first ropey attempt.

I showed Jakub the work of Rolf Armstrong, especially with the lighting elements to the pieces. He took this into consideration when finishing the painting. Jakub suggested making the light look more relevant, giving it a neon look. It looked amazing- very relevant to the futuristic vibe.

rolf1An example of Armstrong’s use of light in his work. (Muscleheaded.files.wordpress.com, 2016).

I also sketched out the typography for the image but found my hand too shaky to add to the actual image itself. Again, Jakub was able to take what I had in mind and add it to the image. Originally I had looked at posters of both pinup and war propaganda and realised that the typography was huge in variety. It could be blocky and stark, very masculine or handwritten with a little more feminine vibes. We liked the later and I had a little play around, picking a light rose colour, but struggled making it stand out.

Jakub took my idea and suggested a more red colour, to keep in with the colour schemes of the Imperial forces. As an added extra he give her some hair- blonde to keep in touch with the Aryan routes that the Nazi’s liked so much. It also made it look less creepy….

beccas stormtrooperedithair.jpg

The final poster! Looking at all the elements and research this was our final idea! Love how it turned out- it gave the vibe we wanted, alluring but not too seductive. Strong and powerful.

References

Muscleheaded.files.wordpress.com, (2016). [online] Available at: https://muscleheaded.files.wordpress.com/2014/01/rolf1.jpg [Accessed 18 Feb. 2016].

 

Research- Pinup Artists

I wanted to have a little look into some artists behind the Pinup illustrations that were key to the 1940s/1950s art movement.

Billy Devorss

Billy Devorss is a self taught artist whose work first appeared in the 1930s for the Louis F Dow Calendar Company. He worked mainly in pastel colours to give a softer look to the women.(Martignette and Meisel, 1996).

Billy Devorss artwork. (Thepinupfiles.com, 2016).

Robert Skemp

Robert Skemp was a New York artist who painted pinup for many companies and newspapers including Schlitz beer, Colliers, Sports Afield, Saturday Evening Post and Coca-Cola. He was also a member of the Society of Illustrators and National Arts Club.

His style is more refined- not as soft looking compared to other pin ups.

Robert Skemp artwork. (Thepinupfiles.com, 2016).

Rolf Armstrong

Armstrong was responsible for the success of the magazine “Pictorial Review.” His illustrations were heavily inspired by light, painting many of his models outside in the sunset.

Rolf Armstrong artwork. (Thepinupfiles.com, 2016).

 

References

Thepinupfiles.com, (2016). Billy De Vorss pin-up girls | The Pin-up Files. [online] Available at: http://www.thepinupfiles.com/devorss.html [Accessed 17 Feb. 2016].

Martignette, C. and Meisel, L. (1996). The great American pin-up. Köln: New York.

Mood Board Inspiration

We noticed a lot of head shots were used in the graphic posters on our mood board, I wanted to experiment a little further with this styling. Milton Glaser once commented that, “less is not necessarily more, just enough it more,” and this is how I wanted to approach this idea. (Clifford, n.d.).

I had a few ideas on how to incorporate the head into something to do with parts, but it was Robert’s recommendation that cemented an idea in my head. He suggested I should make her head out of parts-kind of like what Giuseppe Arcimboldo did with faces of fruit and vegetables.

The fruit faces by Giuseppe Arcimboldo. (Arcimboldo, 2016).

leia head sketch

My initial idea.

I wanted to keep the comic style that Jakub had been using when doing this poster, so let him watch me as I did it, advising me when I messed it up. Thought, to be honest, it actually looked pretty good!

I used computer circuit boards to give the hair the detail and then decided to use the B1 Battle Droid as the main face details. I then added the detail from the body of RED (the R2 unit that R2-D2 shot) as an ode to the phrase “tell no one.”

The above images are those that I used for reference when creating the head.

leia head edit.jpg

My final head edit- really liked how this one turned out. I tried to keep the detailing as simple as possible to keep her eyes are the main focus. I was inspired by the clean format used in the cover of one of the books I read in preparation for this project- the black, white and red looked very striking and fitted with the colour schemes of the Rebellion uniform.

 
Inspiration colour scheme wise.  (Laundy and Vignelli, 1980).

I then gave the image to Jakub and asked him to do some editing- having a mess around with the typography. We agreed that something like “Its on your head now” would look best.

leia head.jpg

References

Clifford, J. (n.d.). Graphic icons.

Arcimboldo, G. (2016). Giuseppe Arcimboldo – WikiArt.org. [online] Wikiart.org. Available at: http://www.wikiart.org/en/giuseppe-arcimboldo [Accessed 17 Feb. 2016].

Vignette2.wikia.nocookie.net, (2016). [online] Available at: http://vignette2.wikia.nocookie.net/starwars/images/2/2c/R5d4.jpg/revision/latest?cb=20080404200713 [Accessed 17 Feb. 2016].

Creativecrash.com, (2016). [online] Available at: http://www.creativecrash.com/system/photos/000/309/121/309121/big/head.jpg?1374139572 [Accessed 17 Feb. 2016].

 Laundy, P. and Vignelli, M. (1980). Graphic design for non-profit organizations. New York, N.Y.: American Institute of Graphic Arts.

 

Vogler’s Principles- Star Wars

So we wanted to look at what we had learnt from Yuan’s lecture last week and apply it to the movie we were given. 

     Star Wars: A New Hope in 5 Minutes. (YouTube, 2016).

Yuan talked a lot about the Explicit and Implicit meaning in the movie and so wanted to have a look at what ours could be.

The Explicit meaning in A New Hope is very obvious- the story of the Chosen Boy. Luke Skywalkers life is the main central plot line in this story, with the others entwining into it. The explicit story shows that any one can become a hero if they put their minds to it. I mapped the plot as applied to Vogler’s principles, shown below. 

  1. The Ordinary World– the hero is seen in his/her everyday life- Luke Skywalker is acting as a harvester, working for his Aunt Beru and Uncle Owen. 
  2. The Call to Adventure– the initiating incident of the story- Obi Wan offers to train Luke in the ways of the force.
  3. Refusal of the Call– the hero experiences some hesitation to answer the call- Luke first refuses Obi Wans’ offer as he needs to stay and help his Aunt Beru and Uncle Owen.
  4. Meeting with the Mentor– the hero gains the supplies, knowledge, and confidence needed to commence the adventure- Luke receives his father’s lightsaber and is taught the ways of the force by Obi Wan.
  5. Crossing the First Threshold– the hero commits wholeheartedly to the adventure- after the death of his Aunt and Uncle, Luke decided to become Obi Wan’s apprentice. 
  6. Tests, Allies and Enemies– the hero explores the special world, faces trial, and makes friends and enemies- meeting of Hans Solo and Chewbacca, Luke gains allies and makes a new enemy in Jabba the Hut (though he may not realise this yet).
  7. Approach to the Innermost Cave– the hero nears the center of the story and the special world-Luke and his company undergo a series of tasks and adventures (including rescuing Princess Leia) before plotting to destory the Death Star.
  8. The Ordeal– the hero faces the greatest challenge yet and experiences death and rebirth- Luke faces the risks of defeating the Death Star as he rides alone, and looses R2-D2 in the process.
  9. Reward– the hero experiences the consequences of surviving death- during the rescue mission Obi Wan Kenobi gives his life- Luke’s mentor making  a sacrifice. The first reward comes in the escape of the Death Star. 
  10. The Road Back– the hero returns to the ordinary world or continues to an ultimate destination- The Death Star has the ability to destroy the Rebel base on Yarvin 4, it must be destroyed.
  11. The Resurrection– the hero experiences a final moment of death and rebirth so they are pure when they reenter the ordinary world- Luke sacrifices his dependence on machines through the destruction of R2-D2 to destroy the Death Star and is in total command of the Force.
  12. Return with the Elixir– the hero returns with something to improve the ordinary world- the group are rewarded with medals for their actions.  (Vogler and Montez, 2007).

We noticed a lot of other characteristics of Voglers work carried on in this movie, including the archetypes of characters. We discussed which each of these characters represented and compiled a little explanation. 

 After exploring this Explicit meaning, it was time to search for the Implicit meaning. Through previous research on the movie we noted the huge amount of influence to political uprisings and war (the Nazi Party, the Cold War and politicians like Richard Nixon were among a few that rose to our attention) and we realised that the underlying meaning rests with this. 

Their are two sides to every battle- two sides to every war. George Lucas is trying to show us the continuation of it in society today, outside the walls of fiction. It leaves many innocents injured, in the case of the Nazis, the Jews were the main sufferers. In the movie the Jawas were the same, slaughtered as the Stormtroopers looked for C-3PO and R2-D2.

dead-jawas (1)

Dead Jawas as seen in the movie. Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope (1977).

References

YouTube, (2016). 5 Minute Features: Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope. [online] Available at: https://youtu.be/M0m0dLCbwJM [Accessed 16 Feb. 2016].

Vogler, C. and Montez, M. (2007). The writer’s journey. Studio City, CA: Michael Wiese Productions.

Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope (1977) Directed by George Lucas [Film]. USA: Lucasfilm LTD

 

Research-Save Waste,Save Lives

As mentioned, another type of poster was the ‘Save Waste’ ones that the armies advertised, especially to women.

War time food shortages gave a huge shock to many during both world war one and two- things such as the ration book being introduced to reduce the level of food people wasted and consumed. Rationing was introduced in both February 1917, for World War 1, and September 1939, for World War Two. These limited the level of things like petrol, eggs,milk, sugar and meat people could purchase. (Josephson, 2003).

Advertising campaigns worked to encourage people to save waste and also to grow their own produce in allotments. Britain received 3/4 of its food from overseas each year by 1939 and German’s took advantage of this by attacking supply ship.s

“Dig for Victory” was the slogan shown on most of the posters to encourage people to save waste. (Primaryhomeworkhelp.co.uk, 2016).

The campaign was highly successful, the number of allotments rising from 815,000 in 1930 to 1,400,000 by 1943.

Reoccurring themes on these posters included a lot of woman chatting to each other, people collecting scraps (mostly women and children) and the personification of the scraps themselves. This is something I wanted to have a play about with- both with the women and more comic side.

Below are a few of my original ideas for posters- experimenting with Princess Leia as our woman protagonist.

I’m kind of bad at drawing things directly from my head and was having a minor ‘I can’t draw for toffee’ day so I asked Jakub could he finalize the image I had in my head. We decided to go for the more head on serious looking pose- Leia is more head strong in character than the women we had seen portrayed in many of the posters we had looked at.

collaberationJakub did an amazing job with this rendition of my sketch. He kept in mind the comic style we had agreed on trying while looking into the graphic novels (artists like Gil Kane). We agreed right away that this would be the basis of our poster- Jakub gave me permission to tinker about with it a bit.

References

Josephson, J. (2003). Growing up in World War II, 1941-1945. Minneapolis: Lerner Publications Co.

Primaryhomeworkhelp.co.uk, (2016). War Campaigns and Posters. [online] Available at: http://www.primaryhomeworkhelp.co.uk/war/campaigns.htm [Accessed 18 Feb. 2016].

Imperial War Museums, (2016). Second World War Posters. [online] Available at: http://www.iwm.org.uk/learning/resources/second-world-war-posters [Accessed 18 Feb. 2016].

Primaryhomeworkhelp.co.uk, (2016). War Campaigns and Posters. [online] Available at: http://www.primaryhomeworkhelp.co.uk/war/campaigns.htm [Accessed 18 Feb. 2016].

Bonhams.com, (2016). Bonhams : Sidney Strube (1891-1956) ‘The big new round up’; ‘The great round up’; two works, original sketches for the World War II Ministry of Supply posters, published Her Majesty’s Stationary Office, 1944, the second unframed. (2). [online] Available at: https://www.bonhams.com/auctions/20696/lot/58/ [Accessed 18 Feb. 2016].

Who Shot First..

OK, so the characters of Greddo and Jabba weren’t that major in our schematic, but looking at both Jakub and Robert’s awesome icons, I wanted to make them worth it. We decided to add a little love story that consisted of the lovestruck Greddo pinning for an oblivious Jabba. Contrary to the popular cult line of “Hans Shot First,” implying that Greddo was murder, we turned it on its head. Greddo shot Hans in a lust fueled battle for Jabba (his true love).

I’m sorry. Brains do funny things when they’re working 102% most of the time…

2016-02-16 (6).pngRough planning of the schematic.

greddos story

Greddo’s plot line as it appears in our schematic.